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Description Details Customer Reviews "A Companion to the Meuse-Argonne Campaign" explores the single largest and bloodiest battle in American military history, including its many controversies, in historiographical essays that reflect the current state of the field. Presents original essays on the French and German participation in and perspectives on this important eventMakes use of original archival research from the United States, France, and GermanyContributors include WWII scholars from France, Germany, the United States, and the United KingdomEssays examine the military, social, and political consequences of the Meuse-Argonne and points the way for future scholarship in this area".
Review This Product No reviews yet - be the first to create one! The opposing forces were wholly German. During this period of the war, German divisions procured only 50 percent or less of their initial strength. The th Division, which opposed the U. Morale varied among German units. For example, divisions that served on the Eastern front had high morale, while conversely divisions that had been on the Western front had poor morale.
The Americans estimated that they opposed parts of 44 German divisions overall, though many fewer at any one time.
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The Allied objective was the capture of the railway hub at Sedan that would break the railway network supporting the German Army in France and Flanders. The inexperienced 37th "Buckeye" Division failed to capture Montfaucon d'Argonne. The subsequent day, September 27 most of 1st Army failed to make any gains.
The 79th Division finally captured Montfaucon and the 35th "Santa Fe" Division captured the village of Baulny, Hill , and Charpentry, placing the division forward of adjacent units. On September 29, six extra German divisions were deployed to oppose the American attack, with the 5th Guards and 52nd Division counterattacking the 35th Division, which had run out of food and ammunition during the attack. In the words of Pershing, "We were no longer engaged in a maneuver for the pinching out of a salient, but were necessarily committed, generally speaking, to a direct frontal attack against strong, hostile positions fully manned by a determined enemy.
The German counterattack had shattered so much of the 35th Division —a poorly led division, most of whose key leaders had been replaced shortly before the attack, made up of National Guard units from Missouri and Kansas—that it had to be relieved early, though remnants of the division subsequently reentered the battle.
The second began on October 4, when the first assault divisions the 91st, 79th, 37th and 35th were replaced by the 32nd, 3rd and 1st Divisions. The 1st Division created a gap in the lines when it advanced 2. The battalion was rescued by an attack by the 28th and 82nd Divisions the 82nd attacking soon after taking up its positions in the gap between the 28th and 1st Divisions on October 7.
The Americans launched a series of costly frontal assaults that finally broke through the main German defenses the Kriemhilde Stellung of the Hindenburg Line between October 14—17 the Battle of Montfaucon French : Bataille de Montfaucon. By the end of October, U. On their left the French had advanced twenty miles, reaching the Aisne River. The American forces reorganized into two armies. Bullard , was directed to move eastward towards Metz.
The two U. On November 11, news of the German armistice put a sudden end to the fighting. Military campaign during World War I. Meuse-Argonne American Memorial.follow url
Hundred Days Offensive. This section needs additional citations for verification. September Main article: Hundred Days Offensive. Further information: American order of battle Meuse—Argonne offensive. Meuse—Argonne offensive gallery. Marines during the offensive. German dugouts in the Argonnes. Two-seat German Hannover biplane forced down near Cierges. Hart, Keith Journal of the Siam Society.
Virtual International Authority File
Retrieved July 19, Ferrell, Robert H. America's Deadliest Battle: Meuse-Argonne, University Press of Kansas. Retrieved September 26, Page Courier Corporation. Retrieved September 13, James R. Penn and Larry Allen Department of Veteran's Affairs, Australian Government. November Archived from the original on July 14, Retrieved September 2, Battlefield Tour Guide.
Archived from the original on May 19, Retrieved May 6, Retrieved October 8, New York Times. Associated Press.
The Project Gutenberg eBook of Our Greatest Battle, by Frederick Palmer.
September 27, Eighteen years ago today at dawn the American First Army started its pivotal attack which smashed the Hindenburg line on the western front and forced the imperial German command to sue for armistice. Patton: A Genius for War. New York: Harper Collins. The Great War Society.